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   2010| January-March  | Volume 54 | Issue 1  
    Online since September 29, 2010

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Study of needle stick injuries among health care workers at a tertiary care hospital
S Salelkar, DD Motghare, MS Kulkarni, FS Vaz
January-March 2010, 54(1):18-20
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70540  PMID:20859044
A cross-sectional study was conducted among health care workers at a tertiary care hospital in Goa to study the problem of needle stick injuries. A structured questionnaire was used to interview the study participants at their work place. Participants were asked to recall needle stick injuries in the preceding 12 months. Factors such as work experience, type of procedure, action taken following injury etc were also studied. Statistical analysis was done with SPSS software. Around 34.8% (200/575) of the Health care workers had experienced a needle stick injury in the last one year. Needle stick injuries were equally distributed across different work experience periods. Hollow bore needles were responsible for 77.5% of needle stick injuries followed by suturing needles (19.2%). As far as use of personal protection was concerned only 58% of the health care workers were wearing gloves at the time of the injury. There is therefore an urgent need at the hospital level to have a uniform needle stick injuries policy covering safe work practices, safe disposal of sharps, procedures in event of needle stick injury, training including pre-employment training, monitoring and evaluation of needle stick injuries and procedures for reporting needle stick injuries.
  10,068 1,395 22
Instructions for Authors

January-March 2010, 54(1):49-53
  8,127 421 -
Influenza pandemic preparedness and response: A review of legal frameworks in India
Manish Kakkar, Sukanya Hazarika, Sanjay Zodpey, K Srinath Reddy
January-March 2010, 54(1):11-17
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70539  PMID:20859043
Background: The potential of pandemics to cause global destabilization calls for robust pandemic preparedness plans with supportive health legislation. Few international studies have investigated their national legal preparedness in case of a pandemic. This study reviews India's legal preparedness in the face of an epidemic. Materials and Methods: This study reviewed and analyzed seminal publications pertinent to pandemic preparedness and relevant legal frameworks in India. The analyses are presented in matrix formats and reviewed by national experts. Results: Current legal frameworks are largely 'policing' in nature. These provisions seem to be adequate to deal with small scale emergencies but do not appear to be sufficient for large scale health crises during pandemics. Conclusion: India needs a critical mass of public health legislations to make impact and not police acts to control epidemics. This study aims to assist policy makers to create comprehensive pandemic preparedness plans, translating preparedness 'on paper' to 'in practice'.
  5,566 668 5
Safety and efficacy of Vinyl bags in prevention of hypothermia of preterm neonates at birth
Geeta Gathwala, Gurmeet Singh, Kunal , Nitika Agrawal
January-March 2010, 54(1):24-26
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70543  PMID:20859046
The present study was planned to evaluate the safety and efficacy of vinyl bags in prevention of hypothermia during resuscitation at birth in very low birth weight neonates. Sixty neonates of gestational age ≤32 weeks and birth weight ≤ 1500gm were randomised to either study group, or control group. Study group neonates were put in vinyl bags up to neck and the head was covered with a cap after drying immediately following delivery and resuscitated under radiant warmer. Control group neonates were resuscitated by conventional drying under radiant warmer. Mean axillary and rectal temperature recorded immediately after admission to NICU were significantly higher in the study group compared to control group. Temperature recorded after 1 hour of admission to NICU were however comparable between the two groups. As temperature maintenance in these VLBW neonates is of tremendous importance, it would make sense to recommend the use of vinyl bags during their resuscitation.
  4,905 666 12
Awareness and perception of mothers about functioning and different services of ICDS in two districts of West Bengal
Akhil Bandhu Biswas, Dilip Kumar Das, Rabindra Nath Roy, Indranil Saha, Prabha Shrivastava, Kaninika Mitra
January-March 2010, 54(1):33-35
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70549  PMID:20859049
Integrated Child Development Services, a national programme of the Government of India has health, nutrition, and pre-school education components of services. To ascertain awareness, perception of mothers about functioning and different services of ICDS a cross-sectional community based study was conducted between June to September 2007 in Howrah and Purulia districts of West Bengal. A total of 1235 mothers were included as study subjects. As per opinion of the mothers 73% AWCs opened regularly, behaviour of the AWWs was friendly (71.6%) and 63% mothers opined that ICDS is beneficial to their children. 84.2% mothers were aware of any ICDS services. Quantity and quality of supplementary food was acceptable to 88% and 72.7% mothers respectively. 79.2% and 87.5% mothers did not receive any advice on child feeding and growth chart. Making beneficiaries aware about services by targeted interventions will ensure better utilization of ICDS.
  4,553 782 2
Seasonal variation in prevalence of hypertension: Implications for interpretation
Pragya Sinha, DK Taneja, NP Singh, Renuka Saha
January-March 2010, 54(1):7-10
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70537  PMID:20859042
Objectives: To study seasonal variation in prevalence of hypertension. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out in the year 2006, in Gokulpuri, an urban slum located in eastern part of Delhi. 275 females 18-40 years of age were examined in summer. Blood pressure was measured in two seasons, summer and winter. Nutritional status of each individual was assessed by BMI. Results: The prevalence of hypertension based on SBP was 12.72% in summer which increased to 22.22% in winter. The prevalence of hypertension, using DBP criteria increased to more than double (summer vs. winter, 11.27% vs. 26.59%, P< 0.001). Overall prevalence of hypertension (SBP≥140 or DBP≥90 mm of Hg) was 1.9 times during winter compared to summer (P<0.001). Greater increase in prevalence of hypertension during winter among older females and underweight as well as normal females was observed. Conclusion: Significant increase in prevalence of hypertension during winter compared to summer indicates need for considering this factor while comparing prevalence reported in different studies as well as interpreting the surveillance data based on repeat surveys.
  4,605 601 17
Routine immunization: Opportunities, challenges
Samir Dasgupta
January-March 2010, 54(1):3-6
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70535  PMID:20859041
  4,198 630 1
An application of Indian public health standard for evaluation of primary health centers of an EAG and a Non-EAG state
Forhad Akhtar Zaman, Nasrin Banu Laskar
January-March 2010, 54(1):36-39
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70551  PMID:20859050
National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) has provided the opportunities to develop a standard for Sub centers, PHCs and CHCs in the country, popularly known as Indian Public Health Standards (IPHS). The study was carried out to find out and compare to what extent the IPHS were followed by the PHCs in the selected districts of both the Empowered Action Group (EAG) state of Assam and non EAG state of Karnataka. It was a Cross sectional observational study conducted during September-October 2008 where the quality of care and services provided in the selected PHCs as per the IPHS norms was assessed. All the PHCs in both the studied districts were rendering the assured services of OPD, 24hrs general emergency service and referral services while 24 hour delivery services were being provided by 80% of the PHCs of the selected districts of both the states. Functional labor rooms were available only in 80% and 90% of the studied PHCs in Assam and Karnataka respectively. Basic laboratory facilities, for routine blood, urine and stool examination were available in 80% of the studied PHCs in the non-EAG state of Karnataka while it was only in 20% of the studied PHCs of the EAG state of Assam. The findings of the present study revealed important deficiencies as per IPHS norms in the studied PHCs of both Assam and Karnataka.
  3,864 820 -
Reproductive health of newly married women residing in a resettlement colony of Delhi: A longitudinal study
Samiksha Singh, Sanjay Chaturvedi, Amod Kumar, AT Kannan
January-March 2010, 54(1):30-32
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70547  PMID:20859048
During the period immediately after marriage, women are neither assessed for their reproductive health nor given any intervention for the same. A community based longitudinal study was done to assess the status of reproductive health of newly married women in which 71 newly married women were followed for 9 months. Mean age at marriage was 20.24 (19.74-20.74) years. 76.06% were anemic. With time, proportion reporting menstrual complaints and RTI symptoms increased significantly (P<0.05). 29 (40.85%) reported menstrual complaints and 22 (30.99%) RTI symptoms. Only 14 (19.72%) subjects used contraceptive methods. 79% conceived within 9 months of marriage. Only 25% pregnancies got registered in first trimester. Reproductive and nutritional status of the newly married women was unsatisfactory.
  3,882 456 -
A study on demographic and clinical profile of burn patients in an Apex Institute of West Bengal
Sumanta Chakraborty, Sukamal Bisoi, Dipankar Chattopadhyay, Raghunath Mishra, Nabanita Bhattacharya, Biswajit Biswas
January-March 2010, 54(1):27-29
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70545  PMID:20859047
Burn injuries constitute a major public health problem. A hospital-based descriptive observational study was conducted among 83 burn patients admitted in the Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata in 2008 to assess the demographic and clinical profile of burn patients and to study the medicolegal and social causes. Majority of patients were females (61.5%), literates (78.4%), hindus (79.5%) and in the age group of 20-39 years (56.6%). Occupation-wise housewives were 36.1% followed by students (16.8%).Majority of the cases (61.4%) were accidental whereas suicidal and homicidal cases were 18.1% and 20.5% respectively. According to the size 25.3% patients had 20% -39% of body surface burns and 21.7% had 80% or more burns. 53% of the cases were given blood transfusion and 23.5% died in the study period.
  3,373 487 7
A study on factors influencing treatment outcome of failure patients receiving DOTS in a district of West Bengal
Sujishnu Mukhopadhyay, Aditya Prasad Sarkar, Sakuntala Sarkar
January-March 2010, 54(1):21-23
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70541  PMID:20859045
Failure to primary treatment under RNTCP can be an enormous setback for the society. A record based retrospective cohort analysis of 212 patients failing primary treatment under Cat I or Cat III was done in Burdwan district of West Bengal to find the treatment outcome after re-registration under Cat II and its possible influencing factors. Retreatment of failed patients resulted in 24.06% chronicity. Important factors influencing the outcome of being failure were found to be Adolescence (AOR = 2.350; C.I. 0.660-8.281), Urban residence (AOR = 1.878; C.I. 0.705-5.002), primary categorization in Cat I versus Cat III (AOR = 5.036; C.I. 0.897-28.281), higher bacillary load at the beginning of retreatment regimen (AOR = 5.437; C.I. 0.787-37.562) and more than three weeks delay in instituting Cat II treatment (AOR = 3.550; C.I. 0.941- 13.393). 17.35% of such failed patients were still defaulters. Hence such factors may be looked into for more efficient control of Tuberculosis in our country.
  2,968 549 1
Some observations on diabetes mellitus in Ludhiana, Punjab
Paramita Sengupta, Nishant Samuel Benjamin, AI Benjamin
January-March 2010, 54(1):46-47
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70556  PMID:20859055
  2,947 386 -
Rural doctors course: Need and challenges
DK Taneja
January-March 2010, 54(1):1-2
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70534  PMID:20859040
  2,917 350 -
A survey of hospitals managing human rabies cases in India
MK Sudarshan, DH Ashwath Narayana
January-March 2010, 54(1):40-41
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70552  PMID:20859051
A survey of 23 infectious diseases (ID) hospitals/ID wards of general hospitals was done during 2008-09 to assess the facilities for and management of rabies patients. All were Government hospitals and 0.5% of total beds was earmarked for rabies cases. The hospitals were mostly run by medical colleges (47.8%) and ID hospitals (30.4%) and located outside city limits (52.2%). The patients were admitted to 'rooms (39.1%)' and 'wards (43.5%)'. The general conditions of rabies sections i.e. sanitation and linen (65%), space and toilet (52% and 56%) and bed (47.8%) require improvements. There is a need to improve staff availability, use of personal protective wears, preventive vaccination of care providers and medicinal supplies. It is recommended to encourage hospitalization of human rabies cases to ensure a 'painless and dignified death' and this must be considered as a 'human rights' issue.
  2,845 401 5
A study on care seeking behavior of chest symptomatics in a slum of Bankura, West Bengal
Sreeparna Ghosh, Apurba Sinhababu, Pranita Taraphdar, Dipta Kanti Mukhopadhyay, Banamali Sinha Mahapatra, Akhil Bandhu Biswas
January-March 2010, 54(1):42-44
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70553  PMID:20859052
A cross-sectional, community based study was undertaken in Patpur slum of Bankura to determine the prevalence of chest symptomatics, their health care seeking Behavior and its correlates. Prevalence of chest symptomatics (cough for 3 weeks or more) was found to be 5.5%, three fourths of whom sought relief from a health care provider. Among them, 70.8% did so within 2 weeks, median being 7 days. No preference for either government or private health care provider was seen in first visit, where the major reason for choosing facilities was advice by family & friends (43.8%). Most of the chest symptomatics (75%) were retained in the same facility. Shift from private to government facility for subsequent visits (33.3%) was higher than from government to private facility (16.7%). The main reason (50%) for changing health facility was expectation for better service.
  2,808 417 2
Evaluation of the integrated disease surveillance project training at Kannur district of North Kerala
Sagar Borker, PP Venugopalan
January-March 2010, 54(1):48-48
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70558  PMID:20859057
  2,476 416 1
Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections amongst food handlers in hotels and restaurants in Solapur city
Anant A Takalkar, Narendra S Madhekar, Anjali P Kumavat, Shatrughna M Bhayya
January-March 2010, 54(1):47-48
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70557  PMID:20859056
  2,208 448 9
Seropositivity of HIV infection among armed forces attending integrated testing and counseling centre in a tertiary care hospital
Usha Arora, Shashi Chopra
January-March 2010, 54(1):45-45
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70554  PMID:20859054
  1,571 196 1
A paralytic disease with presentation of food poisoning affecting three members of a family at Khammam, Andhra-Pradesh
S Suguna Hemachander, Debkishore Gupta
January-March 2010, 54(1):45-46
DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.70555  PMID:20859053
  1,541 214 -
First Announcement

January-March 2010, 54(1):55-55
  790 126 -
Association News

January-March 2010, 54(1):54-54
  757 94 -