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   2003| January-March  | Volume 47 | Issue 1  
    Online since September 29, 2010

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Acute respiratory infections in children : a community based longitudinal study in south India.
D Acharya, KS Prasanna, S Nair, RS Rao
January-March 2003, 47(1):7-13
A community based longitudinal study was conducted in Malpe, a coastal village of Udupi district, Karnataka state, to investigate acute respiratory infections (ARI) in children. A cohort of 91 children under 3 years of age were followed up for 1 year, leading to 2047 fortnightly observation. On an average every child had 11.3 months of follow up. The overall incidence of ARI was 6.42 episodes per child per year. On an average each episode lasted for 5.06 days. Mean duration of ARI during one year was 32.5 days per child. Most of the ARI episodes in children (91.3%) were of simple Cough & Cold (no pneumonia). However, 8.2% developed pneumonia and only 0.51% had severe pneumonia. Incidence of ARI was almost same in male and female children. There was no significant difference in incidence among various age groups. But the incidence of pneumonia was significantly higher among infants (p<0.00002). Children of poor housing with smoke producing conditions suffered more frequently (p,002).
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  582 0 16
Assessment of hospital services by consumers : a study from a psychiatric setting.
MM Sing, RK Chadda, SJ Bapna
January-March 2003, 47(1):14-21
The present study revealed perception of forty-five patients and fifty nine family members selected from the outpatinet deptt. of a Psychiatric hospital. A semi-structured questionnaire was used. The issues like efficiency, punctuality, behaviour of doctors and other staff, waiting time, supply of draugs and diet and cleanliness of the hospital etc were enquired. More than ninety % of the patients and their escorts appreciated the services provided. Most of them (75-80%) was satisfied with supply of drugs, quality of diet, clinical care and cleanliness of the hospital. Measures for improvement were also suggested.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  397 0 1
Hypertension among cotton textile workers.
RR Tiwai, MC Pathak, SP Zodpey, VY Babar
January-March 2003, 47(1):34-6
The present cross sectional study on prevalence of hypertension was carried out among 514 cotton textile workers of Shri Bapurao Deshmukh Sut Gimi, Wardha. Using standard guidelines for measuring blood pressure and standard criteria for diagnosis of hypertension, 20.2% of the subjects were found to have raised systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure. The prevalence of hypertension was significantly higher among persons aged 35 years or more, in the present occupation for 10 years or more and those working in more noisy department.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  380 0 5
Mapping co-variates of mortality up to age of five years for Indian states.
M Bhagavandas, V Josha
January-March 2003, 47(1):22-6
The study was conducted to obtain an index and a map with natural clusters by simultaneously considering sereral covariates of mortality and its indicators upto the age of five years for Indian states, Survey reports on various co-variates of infant mortality and their indicators for the year 1998-99 from National Family Health Survey Reports (NFHS II) were studied. Data on ninetten covariates of infant and child mortality for twenty major Indian states were used for the analysis. The covariates were based on socio-economic, demographic and mother's health care variables, morbidity and mortality indicators. An index for each state was obtained using statistical technique of factor analysis. Thie index measure health care needs of a state relative to the difference between the best and the worst states. Mapping of twenty states was done using cluster analysis. Eleven states had an inded of above 50, which shows greater care should be emphasized on health care variables to reduce mortality. Mapping using cluster analysis revealed a picture of natural clusters. The map with the index could help the health managers, social scientists and policy makers to identify areas that require more interventions. It could also help to comapre the various health intervention schemes that have been followed in the states, to devise more effective strategies for control of mortality and improvement of survival of young children.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  373 0 1
Profile of sterilized women in urban slums and evaluation of motivational strategies.
VG Vaidya, BG Sahasrabudhe, JA Jogi, RP Mitkar
January-March 2003, 47(1):31-3
A study undertaken in hard core pockets having C.P.R. >50% of urban slums to sensitize target couples for encouraging spacing methods and sterilizations showed 55.4% coverage of 1820 unprotected eligible couples. This coverage is attributed to involvement of Aganwadi workers, Mahila Mandals and home visits. The motivational strategies such as sensitization of Mahila Mondals, provision of MCH services and inter personal communications were found to be effective. The reasons for non-acceptance, such as desire to have male and female child in 17.8%, post insertion bleeding due to Cu-T in 13.9% and refusal by male partners in 13.36% were noted in eligible couples. These reasons could be removed by continued inter personal communications. Illiteracy rate of 76.30% in living children of sterilized women indicates need of implementing literacy programme.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available     [PubMed]
  317 0 -
Lymphatic filariasis : constraints ahead.
CP Mishra, N Singh
January-March 2003, 47(1):27-30
Full text not available     [PubMed]
  146 0 -
Integrated management of childhood illness strategy : opportunities and challenges.
R Kumar
January-March 2003, 47(1):3-6
Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  143 0 2