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   1990| July-September  | Volume 34 | Issue 3  
    Online since September 29, 2010

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Studies on the comparative efficacy of mebendazole, flubendazole and niclosamide against human tapeworm infections.
TK Varma, TN Shinghal, M Saxena, SS Ahluwalia
July-September 1990, 34(3):163-8
The efficacy of Mebendazole and Niclosamide was studied in two groups of 24 and 38 cases, respectively of patients suffering from taeniasis. Mebendazole with dose schedule of 200 and 300 mg twice daily for 3 consecutive days showed a cure rate of 71.42% and 92.30%, whereas Niclosamide at the dose rate of 200mg per patient was 94.76% effective. Flubendazole showed a cure rate of 66.66% only. Mebendazole and Niclosamide possess high taeniacidal activity, ability to reduce the clinical symptoms of taeniasis without any side effects. Niclosamide with high activity and excellent tolerance, is a drug of choice for the treatment of taeniasis in single dose treatment while for hymenolepsiasis it needs extended course.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  606 0 1
Female sterilization-acceptor characteristics.
A Kumar, I Randhawa
July-September 1990, 34(3):169-70
This article reports the findings of a study concerning the socioeconomic characteristics of women undergoing sterilization in India. Only 23% of India's 119 million couples use some form of contraception, but of these, 87% rely on male or female sterilization. It is estimated that some 20 million married women of reproductive age have been sterilized. This study examined the cases of 800 women who underwent sterilization at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Kamla Nehru Hospital, Shimla from February 1986 to April 1987. In addition to investigating the socioeconomic characteristics of the women, the study also focused on the knowledge and practice of other contraceptive methods, the motivating factors, and the reasons for undergoing sterilization. The study found that 68% of the women were from rural areas and 32% from urban areas. 71% of the women belonged to lower social classes -- only 40% of the women were literate. 98% of the women were Hindus, the remaining 2% belonging to other religious groups. 72.9% of the women were between the ages of 20 and 33 years, the mean age at sterilization being 27.5 years. While 77.3% of the women has 2 or 3 living children, only 2.6% had only 1 living child. 71.2% of the women had both male and female children, and 9.2% had only female children. Concerning the use of contraception, only 22% of the women had practiced contraception prior to the operation. 70% of the women reported being self-motivated, while 26% said that they had been motivated by a family planning worker or hospital staff member. 96.5% of the women reported multiparity and/or socioeconomic reasons for undergoing the procedure, while 3.5% of the sterilizations were performed for therapeutic reasons.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available     [PubMed]
  482 0 -
A study of accidental poisoning (in children) in a rural medical college hospital of West Bengal.
AK Sarker, S Ghosh, K Barik
July-September 1990, 34(3):159-62
134 cases of accidental poisoning in children have been reported, children belonging to the age group of 1-3 years are the main victims. Kerosene has been noted as the single most important cause of poisoning. Mortality was fortunately low amounting to 5.2% of all cases.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  471 0 8
Dr. P. C. Sen Memorial Oration. A study of utilisation of family planning services through MCH package care in rural areas of West Bengal.
SP Mukhopadhyay, AK Halder, KK Das
July-September 1990, 34(3):147-51
Full text not available     [PubMed]
  264 0 -
Dr. K. N. Rao Memorial Oration. Comparative competence measurement evolving standardised rates constant (ESR constant) for PHC area or any other area simple scientific screening system-sine statistics.
ES Rahavendra
July-September 1990, 34(3):144-6
Full text not available     [PubMed]
  205 0 -
Dr. B. C. Dasgupta Memorial Oration. Control of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease.
SD Gaur
July-September 1990, 34(3):137-43
Full text not available     [PubMed]
  189 0 -
Presidential address : 34th annual conference of Indian Public Health Association.
IC Tiwarii
July-September 1990, 34(3):133-6
Full text not available     [PubMed]
  171 0 -
Development of epidemiological services in India.
AK Chakraborty
July-September 1990, 34(3):131-2
Full text not available     [PubMed]
  167 0 -