Indian Journal of Public Health

BRIEF RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 190--193

Multi-morbidity and blood pressure control: Results of a cross-sectional study among school teachers in Kerala, India


GK Mini1, Malu Mohan2, PS Sarma3, KR Thankappan4 
1 Principal Investigator, AchuthaMenon Centre for Health Science Studies, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology; Associate Professor, Global Institute of Public Health, Ananthapuri Hospitals and Research Institute; Founding Director, Women's Institute for Social and Health Studies, Women's Social and Health Studies Foundation, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
2 Senior Research Consultant, Women's Institute for Social and Health Studies, Women's Social and Health Studies Foundation, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
3 Professor and Head, Achutha Menon Centre for Health Science Studies, Sree ChitraTirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
4 Professor, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
K R Thankappan
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod, Kerala
India

The patterns of concordant and discordant comorbidities of hypertension and their association with hypertension control were ascertained in this cross-sectional study. A total of 402 adults with hypertension were identified from the baseline survey of a randomized controlled trial for hypertension control among school teachers in Kerala. Chronic conditions were captured and categorized into concordant and discordant comorbidities. Nearly 57% of teachers with hypertension reported multimorbidity. Concordant morbidity was reported by 44% and discordant by 21% of participants. The odds of hypertension control was higher among those who reported at least one discordant morbidity (odds ratio [OR]: 2.76, 95% confidence interval [CI]:1.69–4.49) and those who reported at least one concordant morbidity (OR: 2.08, CI: 1.37–3.16), compared to their counterparts. Hypertension control was higher for those who reported any comorbidity (OR: 2.37, CI: 1.51–3.71) compared to those who did not report any. Well-designed large-scale mixed methods studies are required to thoroughly explore multimorbidity and its relationship with hypertension control in India.


How to cite this article:
Mini G K, Mohan M, Sarma P S, Thankappan K R. Multi-morbidity and blood pressure control: Results of a cross-sectional study among school teachers in Kerala, India.Indian J Public Health 2021;65:190-193


How to cite this URL:
Mini G K, Mohan M, Sarma P S, Thankappan K R. Multi-morbidity and blood pressure control: Results of a cross-sectional study among school teachers in Kerala, India. Indian J Public Health [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Sep 22 ];65:190-193
Available from: https://www.ijph.in/article.asp?issn=0019-557X;year=2021;volume=65;issue=2;spage=190;epage=193;aulast=Mini;type=0