Indian Journal of Public Health

BRIEF RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 405--408

Magnitude and gender-specific circumstances of depression among elderly population residing in an Urban slum area of a City in Maharashtra: A mixed-method study


Barsha Gadapani Pathak1, Swati Deshpande2, Rukman M Manapurath1 
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Seth G.S. Medical College and K.E.M Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Seth G.S. Medical College and K.E.M Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Rukman M Manapurath
Department of Community Medicine, 3rd Floor Library Building, Seth G.S. Medical College and K.E.M Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra
India

The burden of geriatric mental health in India is showing a silent epidemic trend, but the knowledge on spectrum of their mental well-being dwelling in slums is very trivial. This mixed-method study aimed to estimate the proportion of depression among elderly and to find out the gender-specific circumstances, leading to depression. A total of 209 subjects selected through multistage sampling from an urban slum in a city of Maharashtra were interviewed for estimating depression, and six focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted to explore the circumstances. Overall, 42.1% of elderly people had depression with 2.8% severe depression. Major themes highlighted after FGDs were self-esteem, social role, dependence, negative experience, and disgrace among males, and among females, main themes were justifiable reason, managing mood, suppression, undesirable events, and stigma. Depression is a significant public health problem, and a diverse approach is required to understand the perception of elderlies which will highlight the core issues related to depression.


How to cite this article:
Pathak BG, Deshpande S, Manapurath RM. Magnitude and gender-specific circumstances of depression among elderly population residing in an Urban slum area of a City in Maharashtra: A mixed-method study.Indian J Public Health 2020;64:405-408


How to cite this URL:
Pathak BG, Deshpande S, Manapurath RM. Magnitude and gender-specific circumstances of depression among elderly population residing in an Urban slum area of a City in Maharashtra: A mixed-method study. Indian J Public Health [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Oct 16 ];64:405-408
Available from: https://www.ijph.in/article.asp?issn=0019-557X;year=2020;volume=64;issue=4;spage=405;epage=408;aulast=Pathak;type=0