Indian Journal of Public Health


Year
: 1999  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 64--6

Paediatric inpatient morbidity patterns and drug usage in a teaching hospital serving an underdeveloped area.


VR Dharnidharka, P Kandoth 
 Department of Paediatrics, B Y L Nair Hospital and Topiwala National Medical College, Dr. A L Nair Road, Mumbai 400 008

Correspondence Address:
V R Dharnidharka
Department of Paediatrics, B Y L Nair Hospital and Topiwala National Medical College, Dr. A L Nair Road, Mumbai 400 008

Morbidity patterns and drug usage in hospitalized children in a developing area were prospectively studied. The study group consisted of 347 children (age 0-12 yrs) representing all admissions to a paediatric unit over a six month period. Respiratory tract diseases (30.5%) and infectious diseases (26.1%) were the most common reasons for hospitalization. Tuberculosis was the most common infectious disease seen among the hospitalized children. Antimicrobials (60.8%), iron preparations (45.5%), vitamins (43.2%) and antipyretics (29.9%) were the most frequently prescribed groups of drugs. Ampicillin was the most commonly used antimicrobial. Adverse drug reactions were seen in 1.7% of the children. The overall mortality was 9.2%. The mean length of stay was 7.9 days and the mean number of drugs used was 3.4 per patient. More than 4 drugs were prescribed in 54.4% of children. Approximately two thirds received parenteral therapy.


How to cite this article:
Dharnidharka V R, Kandoth P. Paediatric inpatient morbidity patterns and drug usage in a teaching hospital serving an underdeveloped area. Indian J Public Health 1999;43:64-6


How to cite this URL:
Dharnidharka V R, Kandoth P. Paediatric inpatient morbidity patterns and drug usage in a teaching hospital serving an underdeveloped area. Indian J Public Health [serial online] 1999 [cited 2021 Oct 19 ];43:64-6
Available from: https://www.ijph.in/article.asp?issn=0019-557X;year=1999;volume=43;issue=2;spage=64;epage=6;aulast=Dharnidharka;type=0