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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 71-75

Industrially produced trans fat: Usage, health implications, global and indian regulations


1 PhD Scholar, Department of Home Science, University of Delhi, Delhi, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Home Science, Lakshmibai College, University of Delhi, Delhi, India
3 Lead Expert, Science and Standards Division, Food Safety and Standards Authority of India, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Anita Malhotra
Department of Home Science, Lakshmibai College, University of Delhi, Delhi - 110 052
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_851_20

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Global momentum is growing for the total elimination of industrially produced trans fats from the food systems as they are known to have deleterious health effects on various body functions particularly the cardiovascular health. Many developed nations such as Denmark have completely eliminated the use of industrially produced trans fats from the food supply. India is undergoing a significant nutrition transition that has substantially increased the intake of processed and ready-to-eat foods, abundant in trans fats. The Indian regulator-Food Safety and Standards Authority of India is all set to reduce the industrially produced trans fats to <2% by the end of year 2021 in a phased manner. Multiple strategies such as reducing trans fat limit in oils and fats, mandatory labeling on food products, introduction of “Trans-fat free” claim and logo have been adopted by the Indian regulatory body, to achieve the goal of trans fat free India. This review comprehensively summarizes from a public health perspective the usage of industrially-produced trans fats in Indian food industry, its effects on health, the global strategies to limit its content, and the current Indian regulations.


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