Users Online: 1650 Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
 

 

Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
     
BRIEF RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 60-63

Trend, morbidity profile and immunization status of diphtheria admitted cases: A 5-years review from a sentinel centre in Kolkata


1 Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Murshidabad Medical College, Murshidabad, West Bengal, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, I.D and B.G. Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Principal, Department of Community Medicine & Principal, I.D. & B.G. Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
4 Professor and H.O.D, Department of Community Medicine, Midnapur Medical College, Midnapur, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Anima Haldar
Landmark- Calcutta Public School, Urban Sabujayan Complex, Flat No. 4, Building No. 100, P.O. Mukundapur, Kalikapur, Kolkata - 700 099, West Bengal
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_148_20

Rights and Permissions

Despite strengthening of the universal immunization program, diphtheria remains endemic in India. Diphtheria is under surveillance for vaccine-preventable diseases of the World Health Organization and also in India. The present record-based retrospective study was conducted on 241 confirmed diphtheria patients admitted in an infectious disease hospital of Kolkata over 5 years (2015–2019) with the objectives of assessing the admission trend, immunization status, and outcome of patients. Among the patients, majority (57.3%) were female; 50.6% were ≥15 years; 49.0% resided in rural areas. Five-year admission rate did not show any declining trend. Major number of cases occurred in 2016; another peak observed in 2019. Only 27.4% fully immunized rest either partiality immunized (44.4%) or nonimmunized (28.2%). Overall, 54% of the patients developed any complications, and case fatality was 9.5%. Gradual age shift toward adults reiterated the widespread use of adult immunization with Td vaccines. Early reporting to the hospital is necessary to reduce complications and case fatality.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed138    
    Printed4    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded16    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal