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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 22-27

Hazardous practices related to blood borne viral infection transmission among male barbers: A study in a rural area of West Bengal


1 Senior Resident, Community Medicine, IQ City Medical College, Durgapur, West Bengal, India
2 Director Professor, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Senior Medical Officer (Equated to Associate Professor), Department of Maternal and Child Health, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
4 Associate Professor and Head, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Soumit Roy
Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_87_20

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Background: Barbers are occupationally predisposed to blood borne viral infection (BBVI) such as human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B and C. Unhygienic workplaces, improper disinfection and inadequate wound-care can increase the susceptibility of both clients and barbers to BBVI. There is paucity of studies on practices regarding BBVI among barbers, especially in India. Objectives: To identify the pattern and predictors of practices related to BBVI transmission among male barbers in a rural area of West Bengal. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2017 to August 2019 in Indas block of Bankura district among 138 male barbers, who were permanent residents and worked for >6 months. Barbers, randomly selected from 10 Gram Panchayats according to probability proportionate to size, were interviewed. Two barbering sessions were observed. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 software. Univariate and multiple linear regression was carried out to identify predictors of better practices. P < 0.05 was considered for statistical significance. Results: Dangerous practices such as reuse of blades (8, 5.8%) and face-towel (77, 55.8%), sale/distribution of used blades (77, 55.8%), improper disinfection of sharps (79, 57.2%), reuse of alum without disinfection (129, 93.5%), and improper wound care (71, 51.4%) were observed. Predictors of better practice regarding BBVI were better attitude regarding BBVI (B = 0.172, standard error [SE] = 0.046, P = 0.000) and increased years of schooling (B = 0.054, SE = 0.021, P = 0.012). Conclusion: Inimical infection control practices were noticed. They are serving the general people and therefore they should be imbibed with correct BBVI knowledge and must do away with all hazardous practice during their barbering activities.


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