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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 135-138

COVID-19 in India: Making a case for the one health surveillance system


1 Junior Researcher, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn; PhD Scholar, Global Health, Institute for Hygiene and Public Health, University of Bonn Medical Center, Germany
2 Junior Researcher, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn; PhD Scholar, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, University of Bonn, Germany
3 Professor, Department of Epidemiology, Indian Institute of Public Health Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
4 Senior Researcher, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn; Habilitation Researcher, GeoHealth Center, Institute for Hygiene and Public Health, University of Bonn Medical Center, Bonn, Germany

Correspondence Address:
Krupali Patel
Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Genscherallee 3, Bonn 53117
Germany
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_488_20

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Pandemics like COVID-19 warrant an urgent implementation of the one health surveillance (OHS) system to the focus on multisectoral, multidisciplinary, multi-institutional, and multispecialty coordination, in all aspects of the response to outbreaks that might involve humans, animals, and their environment. The Indian system so far has evolved in conducting surveillance and monitoring of parameters within the domain of human health, animal health, and the environment, but in silos. This commentary piece provides an opinion to boost the existing surveillance activities for early detection and ways to develop an integrated OHS to prevent future COVID-19 like pandemics in India. It also attempts to provide possible solutions at the interface of human–animal–environment, from the simpler to the complex system integration with the principles of one health.


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