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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 357-361

Onsite mentoring of special newborn care unit to improve the quality of newborn care

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Neonatology, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Neonatology, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Senior Specialist (Pediatrics), S.N.R. District Hospital, Kolar, Karnataka, India
4 Consultant, Department of Pediatrics, SSNMC, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
5 Professor and Head, Department of Neonatology, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. A Shashidhar
Department of Neonatology, St. John's Medical College, Sarjapur Road, Bengaluru - 560 034, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_419_18

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Background: It has been possible to set up special newborn care units (SNCUs) and to improve the survival of newborns in India. However, several challenges remain affecting their effective functioning. Different approaches have been attempted and several policies have also been implemented to address this issue. Objectives: To evaluate the feasibility of implementing best practices in neonatal care by onsite mentoring in an SNCU over 4 months. Methods: The mentoring team was from a tertiary care hospital in Karnataka. The SNCU was functioning at the district hospital, catering to approximately 3500 live births per year. Onsite mentoring was carried out from August 2016 to November 2016. This was a prospective implementation research. Framework focused on infection control, preterm care, care at birth, advocacy for infrastructure and resources, and facility-based refresher training. Results: A total of 16 visits were done by the mentoring team and 2 weeks of in-house residency. There were improvements in hand hygiene compliance from 0% to 87.5%, in cleaner IV site (from 50% to 100%), decreased unnecessary oxygen administration (from 75% to 33.3%), decreased antibiotic usage (from 70.5% to 35.5%), decrease in the number of babies receiving >5 days of antibiotics (from 41.6% to 0%), and increased kangaroo mother care initiation rate from 0% to 41.6%. The facility got level IIA accreditation by the end of the intervention period. Conclusions: Onsite mentorship program of SNCU is feasible and planning should be contextual. With the problems being uniform across most facilities, the model could be replicated across the country.

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