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BRIEF RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 258-260

Association of biomass fuel smoke exposure and hypertension among rural women of Bangladesh: A cross-sectional study


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Pathology, Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation for Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2 Associate Professor, Department of Public Health and Informatics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
3 Professor, Department of Epidemiology, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences; Executive Director, Center for Injury Prevention and Research Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
4 Professor, Department of Noncommunicable Diseases, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences; Director, Department of Public Health Sciences, Center for Injury Prevention and Research Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Correspondence Address:
Nilima Barman
Department of Clinical Pathology, Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation for Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders, Shahabagh, Dhaka 1000
Bangladesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_462_18

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Exposure to biomass fuel smoke has detrimental health effects causing chronic diseases. This study investigated the relationship between biomass fuel smoke exposure and hypertension among the rural Bangladeshi women. A total of 410 women aged 19–60 years were enrolled in this study during April–May 2017 who regularly cooked with biomass fuel in traditional cook stove for the past ≥1 year. Self-reported daily cooking hours and lifetime cooking experience of the participants were recorded, and their blood pressure was measured. Participants' age ≥40 years, parental history of hypertension, body mass index ≥25 kg/m2, and cumulative exposure to biomass smoke were found to be the significant risk factors of hypertension. Every 1 year increase in cumulative exposure to biomass smoke eventually exacerbated the risk of hypertension by 61% (adjusted odds ratio 1.61, 95% confidence interval: 1.16–2.22; P < 0.01). This study provides evidence that long-term exposure to biomass fuel smoke is associated with hypertension.


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