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Year : 2006  |  Volume : 50  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 97-100

A study of the risk factor profile of cardiovascular diseases in rural punjabi male patients

Department of Food and Nutrition Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
J Kaur
Department of Food and Nutrition Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 17191412

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One hundred rural Punjabi males (40-60 years old) admitted to Hero DMC Heart Institute, Ludhiana with first cardiac attack were studied to identify major determinants of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among this group. The results revealed that 20% and 56% of the subjects were smokers and alcohol takers, respectively. Smoking had a significant (pͳ0.01) correlation with serum LDL-C, triglycerides and systolic blood pressure. 84% had sedentary life style. 36% and 7% of the subjects were overweight and obese. The body mass index was positively and significantly (pͳ0.01) correlated with serum triglycerides. 32% and 20% of the subjects had systolic and diastolic blood pressure above normal. 22% were diagnosed for hyperglycemia. 6% suffered from hypercholesterolemia and 28% had borderline high values of serum cholesterol. 22% and 6% had high triglyceride and LDL-C levels, respectively. The study concluded that the etiology of CVD is multifactorial and no single factor is an absolute cause among the rural Punjabi male patients. Therefore, desirable modification in diet and life style can significantly reduce the risk of CVD among rural males of Punjab.

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