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Year : 1992  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 133-7

Prevalence of diarrhoeal diseases amongst tribals of Car Nicobar Island, India.

National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (ICMR), Calcutta

Correspondence Address:
S Sarkar
National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (ICMR), Calcutta

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 1304001

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In a cross sectional study of total 14514 tribal Nicobarese people of Car Nicobar Island, an union territory of India, situated in Bay of Bengal, morbidity, mortality and treatment practices of diarrhoeal diseases of under-five children were surveyed. The incidence of diarrhoea (0.2 episode/ch.year), Crude death rate (3.6/1000) and IMR (31/1000 live births) were exceedingly low as compared to SouthEast Asian Countries including mainland of India. ORS utilisation rate was high (41%) as compared to the National figure (12.0%). This is the first study of it's kind carried out in this island and amongst the Nicobarese tribe in India. A preliminary study carried out among the mothers of the hospitalised children indicated that protective behaviours like breast feeding, hand washing, use of chlorinated water and proper disposal of stool were regularly being practiced by the community traditionally. An in-depth study on risk factors of diarrhoea in this island can yield useful clue for describing the same.

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