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Year : 1990  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 68-70

Effectiveness of oral rehydration salt solution (ORS) in reduction of death during cholera epidemic.

National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Calcutta

Correspondence Address:
B K Sircar
National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Calcutta

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 2101392

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An extensive outbreak of acute gastroenteritis involving all age group of patients occurred during July-September, 1978 in the Central district of Manipur state. A total of 4469 cases occurred during the period. 45.7% of diarrhoea cases sampled and 47.6% of water samples collected from rivers were found to be positive for V.cholerae biotype EITor. Case fatality rate in this epidemic was exceptionally low (0.8%) which was attributed to the early domiciliary use of oral rehydration salt solution (ORS) in the affected villages. Utility of ORS in drastic reduction of case fatality rate during any epidemic situation was first of its kind in the Indian scene.

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