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Year : 1981  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 111-6

Quantitative effect of family planning programme in India (1965-76).

Correspondence Address:
A S Mohammad

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 7347319

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The objective of this discussion is to determine how much India's fertility decline has occurred due to acceptance of all birth control methods combined and separately over the 1965-75 period. Age distribution of the conventional contraceptive users was assumed to be the same as that of IUD acceptors, and it was also assumed that the age distribution of sterilization acceptors, IUD users, and conventional contraceptives remains constant over the 1965-75 period. Fertility of the acceptors was taken as the same as that of nonacceptors. Wife's age was 5 years less than that of her husband. Level of mortality over the 1955-75 period was assumed to be constant. Use effectiveness of sterilization was 100%, IUD, 95% and conventional contraceptives 60%. The procedure for obtaining the annual performance of reduction in fertility level due to the family planning program involved 3 steps: estimation of the number of couples currently protected due to the practice of various family planning methods; conversion of all the currently protected couples into standard couples; and calculation of percentage of standard couples protected and percentage of reduction in birthrate. It was observed that the standard couples protected by the family planning program in the early reproductive age group were less, where the fertility rate was high as compared to the older age group. In the case of sterilization the percentage reduction in birthrate, during the 1st few years after 1965 was not so much, but the percentage reduction was significant as the program gained momentum from 1968-73. The percentage reduction in birthrate due to sterilization was as follows: 1966-67, 2.049; 1967-68, 2.660; 1968-69, 4.657; 1969-70, 6.289; 1970-71, 7.509; 1971-72, 8.524; 1972-73, 10.280; 1973-74, 13.037; 1974-75, 13.221; and 1975, 13.823. A cause for the IUD decrease from year to year might be the inadequate follow-up care after insertion. Overall, the number of standard couples protected by the family planning program indicated that the program had reduced the birthrate by 17.97% in 1975 against 3.404% in 1966.

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