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Year : 1980  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 82-7

Pattern of care during pregnancy and lactation in Sunderpur (An urban slum area of Varanasi).

Correspondence Address:
D K Agarwal

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 7461815

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218 pregnant and lactating women were interviewed in an effort to determine patterns of care during pregnancy and lactation. The dietary survey was conducted by personal interview, and the mean intake of nutrients was calculated on the information obtained by a 48-hour recall method. 88.1% of the women were illiterate, 7.3% had a primary education, and 4.6% of the women had education above middle class. Most of the women were of low socioeconomic status, and around 50% had poor housing conditions and an unsafe water supply. The majority of the women had obtained antenatal services, but domiciliary deliveries by untrained midwives or by their own relatives were common. 74.3% of the women were mainly on a cereal diet; 25.7% had cereals with plenty of milk during pregnancy. The average calorie intake was 1605; the protein intake was 56 grams per head. The caloric intake was less as compared to recommended allowances, but the protein was adequate. During early lactation it was common practice to eat Achwani and Sithora. 17.5% of the women had no knowledge of family planning methods; 67.9% had knowledge but did not practice family planning.

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