Indian Journal of Public Health

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 109--115

Psychometric validation of geriatric depression scale – Short form among bengali-speaking elderly from a rural area of West Bengal: Application of item response theory


Arista Lahiri1, Arup Chakraborty2 
1 Senior Resident, Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine and Sagore Dutta Hospital, Kamarhati, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Arup Chakraborty
240, Golpukur Road, Baruipur, 24 Parganas (South), Kolkata - 700 144, West Bengal
India

Background: The geriatric depression scale – short form (GDS-SF) considered an important preliminary screening tool, requires translation in different regional languages and validation, to become of utmost use in Indian context especially in the field level. Objective: The current study aimed to evaluate the psychometric validity of the GDS-SF translated into Bengali among rural elderly population. Methods: The 15-item GDS-SF translated to Bengali language was administered to 206 Bengali speaking geriatrics selected maintaining predecided inclusion and exclusion criteria from villages under a rural block in West Bengal. Latent trait modelling was used to evaluate the psychometric properties of this translated tool. Differential item functioning (DIF) was assessed to measure invariance. Results: The mean age of the participants was 68.77 years (standard deviation 6.81 years). Majority being female (57.77%), Hindu (87.38%), from a joint family background (90.78%). The highest discrimination was observed with item 8 (coefficient 3.682, P < 0.001) followed by item 14 (coefficient 3.020, P < 0.001). Question 2 had least coefficient for difficulty (−1.344, P = 0.013) while item 15 had highest (0.775, P = 0.001). The questionnaire provided maximum information (discrimination) around mean value of latent trait. The total cutoff score of 5 was related nearly to mean latent trait (−0.111). Items 10 and 13 showed consistent DIF across different demographic groups. Conclusion: Psychometric properties of GDS-SF (Bengali) established overall construct and content validity of the tool in this community-based study. Despite some degree of DIF the tool can be used as a preliminary screening method in rural community.


How to cite this article:
Lahiri A, Chakraborty A. Psychometric validation of geriatric depression scale – Short form among bengali-speaking elderly from a rural area of West Bengal: Application of item response theory.Indian J Public Health 2020;64:109-115


How to cite this URL:
Lahiri A, Chakraborty A. Psychometric validation of geriatric depression scale – Short form among bengali-speaking elderly from a rural area of West Bengal: Application of item response theory. Indian J Public Health [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Sep 23 ];64:109-115
Available from: http://www.ijph.in/article.asp?issn=0019-557X;year=2020;volume=64;issue=2;spage=109;epage=115;aulast=Lahiri;type=0