Indian Journal of Public Health

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 233--238

Enabling factors for behavior change among people with alcohol dependency: An exploratory study in a mental health-care facility


Pavani Yamarthi1, Nanda Kishore Kannuri2 
1 Research Fellow, Diabetic Retinopathy and Retinopathy Project, Indian Institute of Public Health Hyderabad, Public Health Foundation of India, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Additional Professor, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Indian Institute of Public Health Hyderabad, Public Health Foundation of India, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Nanda Kishore Kannuri
Indian Institute of Public Health, Plot No # 1, ANV Arcade, Amar Co-op Society, Madhapur, Kavuri Hills, Hyderabad - 500 033, Telangana
India

Background: Alcohol dependence has become a major public health problem with many implications on the lives of dependents and their families. Objectives: The objectives of this study is to ascertain the enabling factors to seek medical help and continue behavior change among alcohol dependents and to assess the perceptions of health-care providers regarding treatment-seeking behavior of alcohol dependents. Methods: The present study deployed the transtheoretical model (TTM) as a theoretical framework for analyzing the enabling factors to seek medical help and continue behavior change among alcohol dependents and to understand the perceptions of health-care providers dealing with alcohol dependents at a tertiary care psychiatry hospital in Guntur of Andhra Pradesh. In-depth interviews and desk review of hospital records were done. Respondents included treatment-seeking individuals for alcohol detoxification (action phase), patients attending follow-ups (maintenance phase), and mental health professionals at the study site. The study was conducted during August and September 2017. Qualitative analysis using thematic framework and MS EXCEL for quantitative data was used. Results: Themes and subthemes emerging out of analysis were fitted in stages of TTM of behavior change. In the process of behavior change, there were key supportive elements such as problem awareness (precontemplation), availability and accessibility of services (contemplation), appropriate treatment modality (action), and alcohol anonymous groups (maintenance), which sustained the progress of change and yielded effective outcomes. Conclusions: Alcoholism needs to be addressed holistically rather than focusing only on biological treatment.


How to cite this article:
Yamarthi P, Kannuri NK. Enabling factors for behavior change among people with alcohol dependency: An exploratory study in a mental health-care facility.Indian J Public Health 2019;63:233-238


How to cite this URL:
Yamarthi P, Kannuri NK. Enabling factors for behavior change among people with alcohol dependency: An exploratory study in a mental health-care facility. Indian J Public Health [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Aug 6 ];63:233-238
Available from: http://www.ijph.in/article.asp?issn=0019-557X;year=2019;volume=63;issue=3;spage=233;epage=238;aulast=Yamarthi;type=0