Indian Journal of Public Health

ORIGINAL ARTICLE: DR. S. D. GAUR BEST PAPER AWARD ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 178--185

Community perception and risk reduction practices toward malaria and dengue: A mixed-method study in slums of Chetla, Kolkata


Debayan Podder1, Bobby Paul2, Aparajita Dasgupta3, Lina Bandyopadhyay4, Arkaprovo Pal1, Soumit Roy1 
1 Junior Resident, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Associate Professor and Head, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Director Professor, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
4 Associate Professor, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Debayan Podder
Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, All India Institute of Hygiene and public Health, Kolkata, West Bengal
India

Background: Globally, vector-borne diseases account for 17% of infectious disease burden. In India, despite accelerated efforts, both malaria and dengue are major public health concern. Understanding local community perspectives is essential to strengthen ongoing program activities. Objectives: The study aimed to assess the community perceptions and risk reduction practices toward prevention and control of malaria and dengue at slums of Chetla in South Kolkata and to explore the perspectives of relevant local stakeholders in this regard. Methods: This cross-sectional study with mixed-method design was conducted from June to September 2018. Quantitative data were collected in 288 sampled households through face-to-face interview of respondents and environmental checklist, whereas, qualitative exploration was done with five key informant interviews. Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 Software. Qualitative data were analyzed thematically using “cut and sort” processing technique. Results: In household survey, majority had unsatisfactory knowledge (68.4%), attitude (64.2%), and practices (62.8%) regarding diseases prevention/control, which was further substantiated by qualitative findings. The use of electric fans (79.5%), mosquito repellents (53.8%) were predominant practices; however, only a few used bed nets regularly (26.0%). Reportedly, “heat” and “poor ventilation” were key reasons behind reluctance to use bed nets. Multivariable regression analysis revealed that increasing age, proximity to a nearby canal, and unsatisfactory knowledge significantly predicted unfavorable attitude, whereas, respondents' gender and unfavorable attitude significantly predicted poor practices. Conclusions: Intensified social behavior change communication with active community participation is the need of the hour to prevent malaria and dengue occurrence and future outbreaks.


How to cite this article:
Podder D, Paul B, Dasgupta A, Bandyopadhyay L, Pal A, Roy S. Community perception and risk reduction practices toward malaria and dengue: A mixed-method study in slums of Chetla, Kolkata.Indian J Public Health 2019;63:178-185


How to cite this URL:
Podder D, Paul B, Dasgupta A, Bandyopadhyay L, Pal A, Roy S. Community perception and risk reduction practices toward malaria and dengue: A mixed-method study in slums of Chetla, Kolkata. Indian J Public Health [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Aug 8 ];63:178-185
Available from: http://www.ijph.in/article.asp?issn=0019-557X;year=2019;volume=63;issue=3;spage=178;epage=185;aulast=Podder;type=0