Indian Journal of Public Health

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 60  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 203--209

A comparative study of skeletal fluorosis among adults in two study areas of Bangarpet taluk, Kolar


MN Shruthi1, Anil Navale Santhuram2, HS Arun3, BN Kishore Kumar4 
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, BGS Global Institute of Medical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Kolar, Karnataka, India
3 Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Kolar, Karnataka, India
4 Professor, Department of Radio-diagnosis, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Kolar, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. M N Shruthi
Department of Community Medicine, BGS Global Institute of Medical Sciences, #67, BGS Health and Education City, Uttarahalli Road, Kengeri, Bengaluru - 560 060, Karnataka
India

Background: Skeletal fluorosis is a crippling disease resulting from excessive exposure to high fluoride from different sources. Objectives: To assess the prevalence of skeletal fluorosis in Bangarpet taluk of Kolar, to compare various epidemiological factors influencing the occurrence of skeletal fluorosis among the two groups with differential water fluoride levels, and to estimate fluoride levels in all the sources of drinking water in study areas. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the adults of three randomly selected villages of Bangarpet taluk, Thimmasandra, Batavarahalli, with high (>1.5 mg/L) and Maddinayakanahalli with normal (<1.0 mg/L) fluoride levels. A house-to-house survey was conducted by administering a semi-structured questionnaire. Skeletal fluorosis was assessed by three simple physical tests in the field followed by radiological confirmation among the positives. Fluoride levels of drinking water sources were estimated by the ion-electrode method. Chi-square and Fisher«SQ»s exact tests were used as tests of association. Results: The prevalence of skeletal fluorosis at field level in both high and normal fluoride groups was 5.0%. Water fluoride levels in Thimmasandra, Batavarahalli, and Maddinayakanahalli were 4.13 mg/L, 2.59 mg/L, and 0.61 mg/L, respectively. Among the subjects with skeletal fluorosis, a significant difference was observed between socioeconomic status and prevalence of skeletal fluorosis in both high and normal fluoride groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Skeletal fluorosis is a threat among elderly in Bangarpet taluk, Kolar district.


How to cite this article:
Shruthi M N, Santhuram AN, Arun H S, Kishore Kumar B N. A comparative study of skeletal fluorosis among adults in two study areas of Bangarpet taluk, Kolar.Indian J Public Health 2016;60:203-209


How to cite this URL:
Shruthi M N, Santhuram AN, Arun H S, Kishore Kumar B N. A comparative study of skeletal fluorosis among adults in two study areas of Bangarpet taluk, Kolar. Indian J Public Health [serial online] 2016 [cited 2020 Feb 29 ];60:203-209
Available from: http://www.ijph.in/article.asp?issn=0019-557X;year=2016;volume=60;issue=3;spage=203;epage=209;aulast=Shruthi;type=0