Indian Journal of Public Health

SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year
: 2010  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 165--168

Prevalence of bronchial asthma and its association with smoking habits among adult population in rural area


BG Parasuramalu1, N Huliraj2, BM Rudraprasad3, SP Prashanth Kumar4, Gangaboraiah5, NR Ramesh Masthi6 
1 Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of TB and Chest Diseases, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore, India
4 Post Graduate, Department of Community Medicine, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore, India
5 Associate Professor of Statistics, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore, India
6 Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
B G Parasuramalu
Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Banashankari 2nd stage, Bangalore - 560 070
India

A cross-sectional study was conducted in the rural field practice area of Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore. A total of 3194 adult individuals (18-70 years) were selected from 30 villages (clusters) using a cluster-sampling technique. Individuals with symptoms suggestive of asthma were subjected for clinical examination for the diagnosis of asthma. Among the 3194 respondents, 1518 (47.5%) were males and 1676 (52.5%) were females. The prevalence of bronchial asthma was 2.88%. The prevalence of asthma was higher among those reporting a history of current smoking. Among current smokers, the number of cigarettes/bidis/hookah smoked daily did not differ (P > 0.05) between individuals without asthma and with asthma, whereas the mean number of years of smoking did differ (P < 0.001). There was significant association between tobacco smoking and bronchial asthma.


How to cite this article:
Parasuramalu B G, Huliraj N, Rudraprasad B M, Prashanth Kumar S P, Gangaboraiah, Ramesh Masthi N R. Prevalence of bronchial asthma and its association with smoking habits among adult population in rural area.Indian J Public Health 2010;54:165-168


How to cite this URL:
Parasuramalu B G, Huliraj N, Rudraprasad B M, Prashanth Kumar S P, Gangaboraiah, Ramesh Masthi N R. Prevalence of bronchial asthma and its association with smoking habits among adult population in rural area. Indian J Public Health [serial online] 2010 [cited 2019 Jun 17 ];54:165-168
Available from: http://www.ijph.in/article.asp?issn=0019-557X;year=2010;volume=54;issue=3;spage=165;epage=168;aulast=Parasuramalu;type=0