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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 177-182

Insights from COVID-19 cluster containment in Bhilwara District, Rajasthan


1 Associate Professor, Department of Paediatrics, RNT Medical College, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Senior Resident, Department of Community Medicine, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences and Dr. RML Hospital, New Delhi, India
3 Advisor, National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, Government of India, Delhi, India
4 Senior Regional Director, Regional Office of Health and Family Welfare, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
5 Senior Medical Officer, Medical and Health Department, Government of Rajasthan, India
6 Chairperson, Indian Public Health Academy, Former Executive Director, NHSRC, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Shyambhavee Behera
Department of Community Medicine, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences and Dr. RML Hospital, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_489_20

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Background: In March 2020, a healthcare professional from a renowned private hospital, in the textile city of Bhilwara, Rajasthan, reported clustering of cases of pneumonia amongst doctors and paramedical staff suspected to be due to COVID-19. The basis of suspicion was clinico-eco-epidemiologic-radiological findings as, by that time, about 20 COVID19 cases were reported from the state of Rajasthan including a big Italian group of tourists who travelled extensively in Rajasthan, including Udaipur city. Objectives: The current study presents the field experience of the Central and the State Rapid Response Teams (RRTs) in the cluster containment at Bhilwara. Methods: The information regarding the sociodemographic profile of the cases was provided by the Senior Medical Officer In-charge. The containment strategy was modeled under 6 pillars. Google Maps was used for preparing spot map. Results: Immediate public health actions of cluster containment including contact tracing, quarantine, and isolation were initiated using epidemiological approach of mapping the cluster and taking care of reservoir of infection by the District Public Health Team supported by Multidisciplinary Rapid Response Team. This was supplemented by strict enforcement of lock down in the District taking care of daily need of the community by the leadership of administration with very strong intersectoral co-ordination (locally called “ruthless containment”). Conclusion: The forthcoming challenge resides in re-establishment of inter-district and inter-state travel, which can become a risk of re-entry of the new cases, which needs to be taken care of, with the help of stringent administrative measures and screening at all points of entry. The team in Bhilwara needs to remain vigilant to pick up any imported cases early before local transmission establishes.


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