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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 8-14

HIV Risk profile and its socio-demographic correlates among long-distance truckers in West Bengal, India: Evidence from national HIV sentinel surveillance 2017


1 Project Coordinator, ICMR - National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Scientist D, ICMR - National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Project Assistant, ICMR - National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
4 Programme Officer, National AIDS Control Organization, New Delhi, India
5 National Professional Officer, World Health Organization, Country Office for India, New Delhi, India
6 Scientist F, ICMR - National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Malay Kumar Saha
ICMR - National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, P-33, C I T Road, Scheme-XM, Beliaghata, Kolkata - 700 010, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_98_20

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Background: Long-distance truckers (LDTs) belong to a special sentinel group with potentially high risk of acquisition of HIV owing to their high mobility, sociodemographic vulnerability, and high-risk behaviors. Objective: The objective is to estimate the prevalence of HIV and identifies its sociodemographic correlates among a representative population of LDTs in West Bengal, India. Methods: Between May and July 2017, HIV Sentinel Surveillance (HSS) was conducted in West Bengal by the National AIDS Control Organization. A total of 749 LDTs were recruited for the study, were interviewed, and tested for HIV. Descriptive and logistic regression analysis of socio-demographics, sexual risk behavior, and HIV serostatus were performed using SAS 9.3.2. Results: The prevalence of HIV among LDT was 1.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.4–2.0). Mean age was 32.8 years (standard deviation 8.5), 77.1% were currently married, 89.9% were literate, 85.7% visited HSS site for collecting condoms or seeking medical care and treatment, 53.1% were rural residents, 86.7% had sex at least once with a female partner other than wife in the past 6 months, 2.7% had sex with a male partner and 1.7% injected drugs for recreational purpose. Higher age (odds ratio [OR] = 1.1 [95% CI = 1.0–1.1]), literate (OR = 0.3 [95% CI = 0.1–0.9]), visiting HSS sites for collecting condoms or seeking medical care and treatment (adjusted OR [AOR] = 0.2 [95% CI = 0.1–0.6]), rural residence (OR = 0.2 [95% CI = 0.1–0.3]) and duration of stay in home (AOR = 1.3 [95% CI = 1.1–1.5]) were found to be significant predictors of having sex with a female partner other than wife.Conclusion: High HIV burden calls for urgency in the implementation of targeted intervention to minimize HIV risk among LDTs in West Bengal to fight against HIV/AIDS.


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