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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 305-312

Evaluation of key survey components of bio-behavioral surveillance among HIV high-risk subpopulation in Western India


1 Scientist C, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, ICMR-National AIDS Research Institute; PhD Scholar, Faculty of Health and Biological Science, Symbiosis International University, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Scientist F, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, ICMR-National AIDS Research Institute, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3 Scientist G, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, ICMR-National AIDS Research Institute, Pune, Maharashtra, India
4 Deputy Director General, Strategic Information Division, National AIDS Control Organization, New Delhi, India
5 Consultant Research, Strategic Information Division, National AIDS Control Organization, New Delhi, India
6 Former Scientist G, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, ICMR-National AIDS Research Institute, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Radhika G Brahme
National AIDS Research Institute, Post Box: 1895, 73-G Block, Midc Bhosari, Pune - 411 026, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_174_18

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Background: High-quality data are of prime importance in any health survey because survey data are considered as a gold standard for nationally representative data. The quality of data collection largely depends on the design of the questionnaire, training, and skills of the interviewer. Objectives: In the present study, we tried to evaluate three key components, such as questionnaire design, human resource and training of the field staff for Integrated Biological and Behavioural Surveillance carried out among the HIV high-risk subpopulation. Methods: A mixed-methods approach was used. Qualitative and quantitative data collection was carried out in the year 2015 with cross-sectional survey design in western states of India. The in-depth interviews of 10 stakeholders, structured interviews of the survey respondents (n = 560), and field investigators (n = 71) were conducted. Data triangulation was used to find out the concurrence of the qualitative and quantitative data. Results: Comprehensive and standardized survey questionnaire, structured training agenda, and strategic preparation for recruiting human resources were the overall strengths of the survey. However, during the implementation of the survey, there were some difficulties reported in data collection process. Overall, the respondents and investigators felt that the questionnaire was long and exhaustive. Difficulties were faced while collecting data on sexual history. The field staffs were not adequately experienced to work with sensitive population. Conclusions: In order to have accurate, reliable data, especially on sexual behavior; emphasis should be given on simple questionnaire with the use of community-friendly language, skilled and experienced interviewers for data collection, and extensive field training.


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