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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 94-100

Why tuberculosis patients under revised national tuberculosis control programme delay in health-care seeking? A mixed-methods research from Wardha District, Maharashtra


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, India
2 Junior Resident, Department of Community Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, India
3 Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
4 Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, Sri Manakula Vinyagar Medical College, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Pradeep Ramrao Deshmukh
Department of Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_138_18

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Background: Timely treatment of tuberculosis is imperative for its control. This can get delayed due to delay in care seeking, diagnosis or treatment initiation. Objectives: The study aims to find out the magnitude of delays in care seeking, diagnosis or treatment initiation, and understand the reasons behind these delays in Wardha district of Maharashtra, India. Methods: A mixed methods study was conducted among 275 patients selected from those enrolled under Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme in 2014. We collected information regarding the duration of delays and generated a free list of reasons for delays in care seeking and diagnosis. The free list items were then subjected to pile sorting. Two-dimensional scaling and hierarchical clustering analysis were performed to identify the various domains of reasons for delays. Results: The median delay in initial care seeking and diagnosis was 10 days each, and that for treatment initiation was 2 days. The domains identified for delay in care seeking were negligence toward health, health conditions, facility-related issues, and household and social reasons. The domains identified for delay in diagnosis were system-related reasons; and patient-related reasons, each of them further having two subdomains. Conclusions: Interventions for reducing the knowledge gap and stigma, increasing the accessibility of services, active case finding; capacity building of providers, quality assured sputum microscopy, and communication skills will help reduce these delays.


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