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BRIEF RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 79-82

Prevalence and risk factors of anemia and zinc deficiency among 4–6-year-old children of Allahabad District, Uttar Pradesh


1 Research Scholar, Centre of Food Technology, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Professor, Centre of Food Technology, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Neelam Yadav
Centre of Food Technology, Science Faculty Campus, University of Allahabad, Allahabad - 211 002, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_342_17

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Anemia and zinc deficiency are two of the most daunting nutritional problems afflicting the young children among developing countries like India. Thus, in view of this the following study was designed to investigate the status of undernutrition and micronutrient status (iron and zinc) of children aged between 4 and 6 years of Allahabad district. The anthropometric measurements (height and weight); biochemical parameters (hemoglobin and serum zinc), and general information of the children were recorded. Out of the total 365 children studied, 92.9% were anemic out of which 90.6% (n = 307) were moderately anemic having and 2.3% belonged to mild anemic group. Serum zinc deficiency was 65.3%. Anemia was more commonly observed among undernourished children. In case of zinc deficiency poor nutritional status, the age of 60–71 months and rural settlement projected out to be the potent risk factors.


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