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BRIEF RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 224-226

Effectiveness of randomized control trial of mobile phone messages on control of fasting blood glucose in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus in a Northern State of India


1 Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India
4 Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Radhakrishnan Government Medical College, Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dinesh Kumar
Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Kangra - 176 001, Himachal Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_199_17

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Limited availability of randomized control trial warranted the conduct of a present study to demonstrate the effectiveness of mobile phone-based short message services (SMSs) on reduction in mean fasting blood glucose (FBG) in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus. A total of 955 patients were recruited from primary and secondary health-care facilities and randomized to intervention (479) and control (476) group. Messages were delivered to patients for 12 months tailoring to their recent FBG values. SMS included information to maintain the desired FBG levels and next due date for FBG assessment. Patients were statistically similar for their age, socioeconomic status, smoking, and alcohol use. After the intervention, an average FBG declined from 163.7 to 152.8 mg/dl (P = 0.019) in intervention and from 150.5 to 149.2 mg/dl (P = 0.859) in control group. Adjusted for the baseline FBG, the intervention was found to be significantly effective (odds ratio: 1.7; 95 confidence interval: 1.2–2.6).


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