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BRIEF RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 58  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 125-128

Explaining overweight and obesity in children and adolescents of Asian Indian origin: the Calcutta childhood obesity study


Assistant Professor, Biomedical Research Laboratory, Department of Anthropology, Visva Bharati University, Santiniketan, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Arnab Ghosh
Assistant Professor, Biomedical Research Laboratory, Department of Anthropology, Visva Bharati University, Santiniketan 731 235, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-557X.132290

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The present study was aimed to find out the prevalence of overweight and obesity and its associated factors among Bengalee children and adolescents in the Kolkata, India. A total of 1061 Bengalee school children and adolescents (610 boys and 451 girls) participated and were divided into three age groups: Group I = 8-11 years; Group II = 12-15 years and Group III = 16-18 years. Overweight and obesity were defined as: Overweight (between ≥85 th and <95 th percentile) and obesity (≥95 th percentile). Multivariate regression analyses (adjusted for age and sex) of body mass index (BMI) revealed that about 18% (R2 = 0.185) of total variance of BMI could be explained by monthly family income, participants think obese, consumption of too much junk foodstuffs, breakfast skip, extra consumption of salt, and computer hours. Sedentary lifestyles, including increasing fast food preferences may be responsible for increasing occurrence of pediatric and adolescent obesity in this population.


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