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DR. G. ANJANEYULU ORATION
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 133-137

Role of public health systems in the present health scenario: Key challenges


Professor and HOD, Vice Principal, Department of Community Medicine, Siddhartha Medical College, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
J Ravi Kumar
Professor and HOD, Vice Principal, Department of Community Medicine, Siddhartha Medical College, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-557X.119808

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The health scenario in our country is rapidly changing, both in terms of the public health challenges that we face as well as our response to these challenges. As India becomes more and more developed and we have greater means at our disposal, our response to our health challenges must reflect our changing health and socio-economic status. India faces enormous challenges in the area of women's and children's health. India is one of the few countries that have recorded substantial decline in maternal mortality. India is still far from achieving the target set in the millennium development goals. Despite several growth-orientated policies adopted by the government, the widening economic, regional, and gender disparities are posing challenges for the health sector. About 75% of health infrastructure, medical manpower, and other health resources are concentrated in urban areas where 27% of the populations live. To reduce this double burden of diseases, public health has to focus on health promotion, and disease prevention and control, while taking into consideration the social determinant of health. The focus of public health is to bring about change at the policy level not only for preventing disease but also for the health promotion through organized action at societal level.


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