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BRIEF RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 40-42

Suicide an Emerging Public Health Problem: Evidence from Rural Haryana, India


1 Senior Resident, Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 ICCIDD, New Delhi, India
3 Senior Resident, School of Public Health Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India
4 Additional Professor, Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Harshal Salve
Senior Resident, Old OT Block, Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-557X.111373

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Analysis of annual mortality data for year 2002-2009 of twenty eight villages in Ballabgarh block of rural Haryana was carried out to calculate suicide rates per 100,000 population. In addition, informal discussions were carried out amongst health providers to understand their perceptions regarding suicides. In a period of 8 years, out of total 4552 deaths, 163 (3.5%) deaths were attributed to suicides giving a suicide rate of 24.4/100,000 population (95% CI 24.1- 24.7). Mean years of productive life lost for males and females were estimated to be 44.4 (SD 1.1) years and 39.9 (SD 1.4) years respectively. Poisoning (41.1%) was the most common mode of suicide followed by hanging (36.8%) and burns (14.7%). Health workers also perceived suicide as major problem in the community and marital confl ict was identifi ed as major cause for suicides. There is need to address the complex issue of suicide by public- health approach at the community level.


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