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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 293-296

Ocular morbidity among children at a tertiary eye care hospital in Kolkata, West Bengal


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, R.G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan, India
3 Associate Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Midnapore Medical College, Medinipur, India
4 Professor and HOD, Department of Ophthalmology, B.S. Medical College, Bankura, India
5 Professor, Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Medical College, Kolkata, India

Correspondence Address:
Jaya Biswas
Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, R.G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata 98 A, P. Majumdar Road, Flat No. 2AB, Kolkata - 700078, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-557X.106418

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Eye diseases in childhood are important causes of medical consultation and it affects learning ability, adjustment in school and personality. To determine the pattern of ocular morbidity a cross-sectional observational study was conducted among 714 children, attending Ophthalmology department at a tertiary eye care center in Kolkata, West Bengal. All the children less than 15 years of age, attending in Unit II outpatient department were selected by complete enumeration method for duration of one year (January-December 2010). Distribution of association was analyzed by Chi-square test and difference between two proportions was calculated by z test for proportions. The common ocular morbidity were refractive errors (23.67%) followed by allergic conjunctivitis (17.23%), infection of the eye and adnexa (15.13%), ocular trauma (12.74%), and congenital eye diseases (13.59%). Majority of ocular morbidity is treatable and need early attention through eye screening cum intervention program beginning right from the childhood.


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