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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 332-335

A study on the role of parental involvement in control of nutritional anemia among children of free primary schools in a rural area of West Bengal


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, R G Kar Medical College, Kolkata, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Burdwan Medical College, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Burdwan Medical College, India
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Burdwan Medical College, India
5 Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dibakar Haldar
Anandapally, Duttapara, Sitko Road, Kolkata - 700144, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-557X.92420

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An intervention study was conducted among students of three randomly selected free primary schools in rural West Bengal to assess the effect of health-nutrition education for behavior modification of parents on nutritional anemia of children. Clinically anemic students were school-wise randomized into 'groups of two' and intervened with anthelminthic, iron-folic acid (IFA) pediatric tablet and health-nutrition education by reoriented teachers. Parents of study group were involved in behavior change processes. Baseline overall prevalence of anemia was 64.4%. After IFA therapy, prevalence of anemia was not found to differ between two groups (χ2 = 2.68, P > 0.05, RR= 0.48, 95% C.I 0.2 < RR < 1.19) while reducing 52.2% of relative risk. Reassessment after six months showed significantly lower prevalence in study group (χ2 = 18.14, P < 0.05, RR = 0.20, 95% C.I. 0.08 < RR < 0.49). Parental involvement for life style and dietary modification may curb childhood anemia.


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