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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 34-37

Glucose indices, frank and undetected diabetes in relation to hypertension and anthropometry in a South Indian rural population


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences and Central Referral Hospital, India
2 Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences and Central Referral Hospital, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, King Khaled University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, KBN Institute of Medical Sciences, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India
5 Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, KBN Institute of Medical Sciences, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Ranabir Pal
Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences (SMIMS) and Central Referral Hospital (CRH), 5th Mile, Tadong, Gangtok, Sikkim - 737 102
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-557X.82545

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Diabetes has emerged as one of the world's biggest health problems and its prevalence is increasing at an alarming rate. This study was conducted to find out the magnitude of frank and undetected diabetes mellitus, including impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) among persons in rural Karnataka, and its relationship with associated risk factors like hypertension and anthropometry. This was a population-based, cross-sectional study on 1370 participants in the field practice area of KBN Medical College, conducted from April 2009 to March, 2010. Diabetes mellitus was noted among 19.78% of the participants, with an additional 12.04% with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension observed among participants with diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance was 65.13 and 53.94%, respectively. Effective primary prevention strategies have to be intensified among high-risk population groups, to promote awareness through behavior change communication.


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