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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 165-168

Prevalence of bronchial asthma and its association with smoking habits among adult population in rural area


1 Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of TB and Chest Diseases, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore, India
4 Post Graduate, Department of Community Medicine, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore, India
5 Associate Professor of Statistics, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore, India
6 Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
B G Parasuramalu
Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Banashankari 2nd stage, Bangalore - 560 070
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-557X.75742

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A cross-sectional study was conducted in the rural field practice area of Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore. A total of 3194 adult individuals (18-70 years) were selected from 30 villages (clusters) using a cluster-sampling technique. Individuals with symptoms suggestive of asthma were subjected for clinical examination for the diagnosis of asthma. Among the 3194 respondents, 1518 (47.5%) were males and 1676 (52.5%) were females. The prevalence of bronchial asthma was 2.88%. The prevalence of asthma was higher among those reporting a history of current smoking. Among current smokers, the number of cigarettes/bidis/hookah smoked daily did not differ (P > 0.05) between individuals without asthma and with asthma, whereas the mean number of years of smoking did differ (P < 0.001). There was significant association between tobacco smoking and bronchial asthma.


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