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DR. P.C. SEN MEMORIAL AWARD PAPER ON RURAL HEALTH PRACTICE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 92-97

Enduring starvation in silent Population: A study on prevalence and factors contributing to household food security in the tribal population in Bankura, West Bengal


1 Asst. Prof., Department of Community Medicine, B. S. Medical College, Bankura, West Bengal, India
2 Asst. Prof.,Department of Community Medicine, Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan, West Bengal, India
3 Professor, Department of Community Medicine, B. S. Medical College, Bankura, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dipta Kanti Mukhopadhyay
Department of Community Medicine, B. S. Medical College, Bankura, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-557X.73277

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Background : Strengthening food security enhancement intervention should be based on the assessment of household food security and its correlates. Objectives: The objective was to find out the prevalence and factors contributing to household food security in a tribal population in Bankura. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 267 tribal households in Bankura-I CD Block selected through cluster random sampling. Household food security was assessed using a validated Bengali version of Household Food Security Scale-Short Form along with the collection of information regarding the monthly per capita expenditure (MPCE), total to earning member ratio, BPL card holding, utilization of the public distribution system (PDS) and receipt of any social assistance through a house-to-house survey. Result and Conclusion: Overall, 47.2% of study households were food secure whereas 29.6% and 23.2% were low and very low food secure, respectively. MPCE ≥ Rs. 356, total to earning member ratio ≤ 4:1, regular utilization of PDS, and nonholding of the BPL card were significantly related with household food security.


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