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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2006  |  Volume : 50  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19-23

Coronary risk factors in a rural community


1 Associate Professor, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, India
2 Scientist D, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, India
3 Resident, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, India

Correspondence Address:
V K Agrawal
Associate Professor, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 17193754

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A cross-sectional health examination survey was carried out among a random sample of 406 people of 30 years and above from a rural community to investigate the prevalence of coronary heart disease risk factors. Prevalence of smoking and tobacco use was 16%, alcohol intake 9.4 %, daily Salt intake (>5 gram) 34.2%, daily saturated fat intake (>10 % of daily energy intake) 47 .0 % and physical inactivity 18.5 %. BMI was >25 Kg /m 2 in 18 percent and it was >30 Kg / m 2 in 3.2 percent population. Truncal obesity (WHR: men> 0.9; women > 0.8) was found 18.5 percent more in case of males (20.7). Abdominal obesity(men >102 ; women >88)was found 15.7 percent more in case of males (20.6).18.5 percent population was found suffering from systolic hypertension(>140 mm Hg )and 15 percent from diastolic hypertension(>90 mm Hg). Awareness of CHD risk factors was present in 30.0 percent population. Differences in prevalence of riskfactor in male and female were found statistically significant in case of smoking, alcohol consumption and abdominal obesity. The present study shows that prevalence of CHD risk factors increases significantly in men and women having BMI equal or more than 25 Kg /m 2 so this cutoff, should be used to determine obesity in Indian population.


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