Users Online: 241 Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
 

 

Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
     
S.D. GOUR BEST PAPER AWARD ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
Year : 2005  |  Volume : 49  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 68-72

Iodine deficiency disorders among school children of Dakshin Dinajpur District, West Bengal


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, R.G.Kar Medical College and Hospital,Kolkata, India
2 Professor, Trainee, Department of Biochemistry, Burdwan Medical College, West Bengal, India
3 Professor, Department of Community Medicine, R.G.Kar Medical College and Hospital,Kolkata, India
4 Post Graduate Trainee, Department of Biochemistry, Burdwan Medical College, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
D K Das
Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, R.G.Kar Medical College and Hospital,Kolkata
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 16457098

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) are major public health problems in India, including West Bengal. Existing programme to control IDD needs to be continuously monitored through recommended methods and indicators. Thus we undertook the study to assess the prevalence of goiter, status of urinary iodine excretion (UIE) level and to estimate iodine content of salts at the household level in Dakshin Dinajpur district, West Bengal. We conducted a communitybased, cross-sectional study in 2004; among 2250 school children, aged 8-10 years. The '30 cluster' sampling methodology and indicators for assessment of IDD, as recommended by the joint WHO/UNICEF/ICCIDD consultation, were used for the study. Goitre was assessed by standard palpation technique, UIE was analyzed by wet digestion method and salt samples were tested by spot iodine testing kit. Of the 2250 children, 419 (18.6%) had goitre (95% Cl = 17.0 - 20.2%). Total goitre rate (TGR) was not significantly different in respect of gender, age and religion. Visible goitre rate was 2.5%. Median urinary iodine excretion level was 16 mcg/dL (normal: ΃ 10 mcg/dl.) and 16.5% children had value less than 5 mcg/dL. Only 67.4% of the salt samples tested had adequate iodine content of ΃ 15 ppm, with significant difference between Hindus and Muslims (c2=12.68, d.f.=1, p<0.01). TGR of 18.6% indicate the district is still endemic for IDD, but median urinary iodine within normal range reflects no current iodine deficiency. The district is in the transition phase from iodine-deficient to iodine-sufficient. Measures are to be sustained for successful transition towards elimination.


[PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed304    
    Printed22    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded204    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 6    

Recommend this journal