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Year : 1999  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 42-8

Body iodine status in school children and availability of iodised salt in Calcutta.


Department of Biochemistry & Nutrition, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Calcutta

Correspondence Address:
R K Sinha
Department of Biochemistry & Nutrition, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Calcutta

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 11243088

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Success of Universal Salt Iodization (USI) programme depends on availability of iodised salt to consumers, which should be reflected in their body iodine status. From a monitoring study in Calcutta, it was found that all packed salts were iodised and most of them (98.1% at household level and 93.6% at retailers' outlets) had iodine at a level of > or = 15 ppm. Of the loose salts, 34.6% at household level and 19.9% at retailers' outlet had iodine level < 15 ppm. A few number (0.5% at household level and 1.0% at retailers' outlets) of salts had no iodine. To ascertain the impact of consumption of iodised salt iodine excreted in urine (UIE) was measured in school children of age between 8-12 years of south, east, west, north and central parts of Calcutta. 22.95% of male children and 31.81% of female children had urinary iodine level less than 50 micrograms/l, which is cut off figure of public health concern. Children from poor slum areas were found to be at greater risk.


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