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Year : 1998  |  Volume : 42  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 120-5

Sentinel surveillance on poliomyelitis and neonatal tetanus : a report.


Deptt. of Community Medicine, Medical College, Calcutta

Correspondence Address:
S K Ray
Deptt. of Community Medicine, Medical College, Calcutta

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 10389524

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A 5 year sentinel surveillance (1989-93) of paralytic poliomyelitis and neonatal tetanus was undertaken at a rural Medical College Hospital at Burdwan, West Bengal. Poliomyelitis incidence showed an overall declining trend, which corroborated with the increased OPV coverage over the years. Incidence was more in males than females. Male:female ratio varied between 2.31:1 to 1.2:1. From 1989 to 1992, age-shift in poliomyelitis was observed when more cases were occurring above 1 year subjects. Cases were reported to be high during the months June to September every year. Incidence of neonatal tetanus (NNT) also showed a declining trend during the 5 year study period. A male preponderance was observed. NNT cases were more prevalent during the months between August and November. In an attempt for eradication of paralytic poliomyelitis and elimination of NNT, containment and other public health measures were undertaken a part of surveillance activities. The obstacles encountered in the surveillance system, as well as lacunae identified in undertaking appropriate health measures was discussed.


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