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Year : 1993  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 48-53

Socioeconomic factors and prevalence of endemic goitre.


P&T Dispensary, Aligarh

Correspondence Address:
D C Joshi
P&T Dispensary, Aligarh

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 8138288

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The present study was conducted on 2611 school children of a rural area of Meerut, with the objectives to find out the prevalence and distribution of endemic goitre and the socioeconomic variables associated with the distribution of the endemic goitre. Grading of goitre was done as per the criteria laid down by the WHO-1979 (1). The overall prevalence rate of endemic goitre was 50.1%, the prevalence was more among females (55.1%) as compared to males (47.2%). Maximum number of goitre cases were having grade Ia enlargement (46.9%) followed by grade Ib (34.1%), grade 2(15.0%) and grade 3 (4.0%). Prevalence increased with increase in age. Statistically significant differences were found in the prevalence of endemic goitre in relation to different religions and caste groups, different occupations of the parents/guardians of children and types of houses used for the purpose of living.


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