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Year : 1993  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 33-6

Sexually transmitted diseases control programme in India : a public health approach.


National AIDS Control Organisation, New Delhi

Correspondence Address:
S Lal
National AIDS Control Organisation, New Delhi

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 8138285

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Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are major health problems all over the world including India, although available data on the magnitude of STDs in India is of questionable quality. The annual incidence of STD in India as reported to the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence during 1989 was approximately 14 million. Community-based studies and other limited studies suggest that HIV rates are high in both rural and urban areas. A national STD control program has been in operation since the mid-1950s. The program is clinic based, however, and covers only 5% of all STD patients in the country, with the majority of patients attending private health care providers, the informal sector, or resorting to self medication. In acknowledgement of the need to strengthen the STD control program, especially in the context of the recently launched AIDS control program, efforts are being made to extend the existing program at the community level through existing private health care services in the country. A phased approach to implementing the STD Control Program in the 32 states and union territories has been adopted. This programmatic extension from the clinic to the community has become a necessity as the vast majority of patients are being treated without laboratory investigation by private practitioners. Efforts to control STDs should focus upon increasing the availability and acceptance of curative and preventive measures by individual patients and the community. Sustained support from national and international agencies will be needed in order for this new strategy to be successful.


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